PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT OF NON-CATALYTIC REACTION OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION BY SUPERHEATED METHANOL VAPOR METHOD

Previous research has shown special advantage of superheated methanol vapor (SMV) in bubble column reactor (BCR) for atmospheric non-catalytic process amid the emerging technologies for biodiesel production. Nevertheless, improvement of the reaction rate and energy ratio is essential for the enhancement of the confirmed advantages. The objectives of the proposed research are two folds, (1) elaboration of bubble formation for the improvement of the BCR’s design in order to increase the reaction rate, and (2) investigation and design of heat recycling system to the evaporator and super-heater of BCR in order to improve the energy ratio and reduce the CO2 emission. The research is the continuation of previous collaborative research among National Food Research Institute of Japan, The University of Tokyo, and Bogor Agricultural University. Execution of the first objective will be mainly in Japan due to availability of laboratory equipments, the second objective will be at Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) with close collaboration with the Japanese counterparts. The design of the heat recycling system will be based on exergy analysis and Life cycle exergy analysis (LCEA) to accommodate the possible minimum entropy process within the heat exchanger and minimum CO2 emission within the system.

Keywords: biodiesel, non-catalytic, bubble column reactor, heat recycling, reaction rate

Funded by: International Join Research and Publication Program by Ministry of Education of Indonesia

Collaborator: Prof. Hiroshi Nabetani and Dr. Hagiwara (National Food Research Institute, Japan), and Dr. Tetsuya Araki (The University of Tokyo, Japan)